FGM – Female Genital Mutilation – is a harmful traditional practise where the genitalia of young girls are cut in order to make them “clean” and to prepare them for marriage. It is most commonly associated with Africa: however, FGM is also recorded in the Middle East, including in Egypt, Sudan, Yemen and Kurdistan, where the most common forms are Type I or Type II, involving the removal of the clitoris, or the clitoris and labia.
FGM has no health benefits: on the contrary, there are many severe psychological and physical ramifications, which can lead to difficulties in childbirth and sexual expression in adulthood. There is also a risk of haemorrhage and sepsis during the procedure which is often carried out in unhygienic conditions.
IKWRO works closely with organisations including Forward-UK in our campaigning against FGM, in order to ensure that professionals and policy-makers do not solely associate FGM with African communities but are aware of the wider prevalence of this form of abuse.